Wild animals Conservation: Wild animals needs protection because of environmentally friendly, cultural, economic and legal factors. Wild animals conservation has correlation with hydrological cycle, soil productivity, food and fodder.
Wildlife- particularly endangered species need protection and management. Global Resource diversity is in risk, due to increased cheap guns global demand for wild animals and its products. The changing market characteristics and the lifestyles demand more from the desert. The wild animals violations are assuming organized status and the existing regulatory regimes are inadequate. There are many species in the earth facing endangerment, but Tiger is one of the Flagship Species going to be wiped off from its desert, if an eleventh hour efforts are not taken to arrest the factors leading to defunctness. Hence the attention of the International Community is an urgent necessity. In the past century, populations of wild tigers have plummeted from 100, 000 to 3500 globally.. Tigers in Of india are in deep trouble, a little over 1400 tigers left in the wild, which is regarded as have 40, 000 during the last century. Hazards of defunctness of this species are by poaching, illegal trade, massive habitat fragmentation and break down, loss of quarry, poaching and illegal trade. At present only 13 countries have the tiger population approximately 3200 in the wild and estimated that Of india homes about 60% of this.
Chinese oriental medicine: The illegal trade in tiger our bones accelerated in 1980’s. Tiger populations in China had been decimated by the demand from traditional oriental medicine manufacturers. China remains a major consumer of tiger and other Asian kitchenware big cat products for manufacturing these medicines. Tiger templates are sought for home dcor, taxidermy and bribery. Bone is widespread in traditional Chinese medicines and treatments. China’s ever-growing demand for tiger parts to use in libido-enhancing and aphrodisiacal drugs & make the most of the sales of tiger-bone wine and templates still remains the major cause of depletion of this most charismatic cat from the desert. Chinese government has banned tiger trade in 1993, removed tiger bone as ingredient in traditional Chinese medicine, but theblack markets for tiger parts are still active. This is evident from the findings of EIA (Environmental Investigating Agency) thatabout 4, 000 tigers carefully bred in captivity in China (as on Sept 19th 2009). Suggestions are that large amounts of money are involved in the trade, which is controlled by organized criminal networks, which cannot be still contained by the authorities. During an under cover operation investigation in June and September this year, EIA (Environmental Investigating Agency ) was offered 4 full tiger templates, 12 leopard templates, 11 compacted snow leopard templates and 2 clouded leopard templates.
Tigers in Of india are in deep trouble: The2007 National census figure planned a tiger population of 1411 only in Of india. Pugmark counting was the strategy used for tiger census. Suggestions were raised by prominent NGOs and Environmentalists on the method in which the numbers have been arrived. An example for this is the Sunderbans National Park in Rest of the world Bengal of Of india. In Jan ’08 the census figures arrived by the Forest Officials through their traditional methods figure of 300 in the Tiger Reserve. Suggestions were raised by NGOs and Environmentalists that this was a inflated figure. On a recount it has been found that only 10 tiger are there in the Sunderbans. The Central Minister for Nature and Environment were to admit this and announced that more scientific census will be conducted by 2010. Either the officials were manipulating the actual number specially or there was irresponsibility to manage the tiger stores.
Project Tiger: India’s Flagship species conservation programmes started in 1973 to store tigers. Crore of Rupees were spent on Project Tiger and claims to have implemented many programmes to store the tiger in the wild. Ironically after 37 years of conservation the number of tigers from 1997 census figure of 3508, reduced to 2007 census figure of 1411. Remember this number 1411 is also not correct, reading along with figures of Sunderbans census. Some of the Tiger Stores like Sariska of Rajasthan and Panna of Madhya Pradesh do not have a single Tiger. Major failure is that the Tiger Conservation programmes did not benefit all the portions of Reserve Nature which are habitats of tiger. In Of india Protected Area Management is given much more importance than the other Reserve Forest areas. But there are good populations of Tiger distribution out side Protected Areas, who were not cared and were target for easy hunt. Very interestingly these Protected Areas were mostly travel potential areas selected in random, for the various advantages of the forms. The real protection problems faced by Protected Areas and other Tiger habitats of less protected Reserve Forest areas are not addressed. The involvements of senior operators are very poor that the protection is considered to be whole responsibility of the Front Line Staff. The variety of highly paid Senior Forest Representatives were increased to 50 times or more after setup of Project Tiger with a poor strength of Front Line Staff. No contribution at all for improvising the protection of natural habitats from the higher cadre. Only very few of them show genuine interest in protection wild animals. No steps have been taken to evaluate the reasons for failure of the expensive programmes at any level. The ‘Project Tiger’ is an total failure that it has failed to address the major problems of threat such as poaching, illegal trade, massive habitat fragmentation and break down, loss of quarry, poaching and illegal trade.
Wild animals crime investigation: Although the international NGOs and enforcements of the Countries in europe combine in performing raids, this little done in the local level to arrest the wild animals violations. Wild animals violations are assuming an organized way that the primary enforcement department (Forests and wild animals department) is not all equipped to face the new situation. Wild animals Crime Investigation is in nascent stage in the Forest Division of the States. Many of the Forest Operators are frightened to honestly discuss the issue of wild animals violations. The drastic deduction of Tiger population is not seen as a crisis that has to be handled on war-foot pace. Tendency is to pose that ‘everything is fine’ and no protection problems exist in my state/ region. Front side line staff identifying the violations will have the duty of investigation and to answer the us government loss. This may even result in not getting their retirement benefits in time. In many ways they are impaired to prove the crime before court of law. Wild animals crime investigations are of poor quality and no superior control in crime investigations. The forensic evidence collection and investigation methods are in a primitive stage that less than 1% of the cases are convicted. Result is many people searches for the manner of ‘keep things in dark’. This helps the wild animals criminals to large extent.
Global Tiger Forum: GTF is the inter-governmental body of countries that still have wild tigers. This Forum is for aiding, coordinating and strengthening these Governments’ commitments to store the Tiger and to develop the potency of Tiger population in the wild. To support wild tiger populations this Forum has previously followed the Global Tiger Recovery Program, aiming to double the wild tiger population by 2022. 2010 is the year of ‘Tiger’ depending on Chinese astrology and 2022 is the next ‘Tiger’ year when the Tiger population is offered to be doubled. They have met at St Petersburg during Nov 2010 to discuss on this Program and requested “financial and technical support of the international community” to save wild tigers. The 13 tiger range states’ national plans appealed $356 million for next five years from the International Community for implementing this system. To the wild animals enthusiasts, program itself seems to be hypocrite. The habitat and habit interaction of the Tiger with respect to reproduction in wild conditions have to be considered. If the Tiger Forum is serious in its conservation program, the first step to be taken on is proper identification of field level problems which has lowered the Tiger from the Reserve Nature. It was not at all a question of funding. The best example is Sariska Tiger Reserve of Rajasthan.